Making Mountains and Soil
  Chapter 8 (Begins on pg. D 46)


As the crust moves, the rocks of the crust change, move up or down, and move sideways. The rocks are also bent, squeezed, twisted, or broken. All these changes may cause different types of mountain features.

Types Of Mountains:

Fold- Mountain- Made mostly of rock layers folded by being squeezed together. Example: Appalachian Mts (D 46)

Fault Block Mountain- Made by huge tilted blocks of rocks separated by a fault. One block has moved up along the fault, and the other down. Example: Grand Tetons (pg. D 46).

Other Land Formations:

Plateau- A large area of flat land at a high elevation.

Plain- A large area of flat land at a low elevation.


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